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Violent Versus Nonviolent Husbands: Differences in Attachment Patterns, Dependency, and Jealousy

by Amy Holtzworth-Munroe, Gregory L Stuart, Glenn Hutchinson
Journal of Family Psychology ()
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Abstract

Two studies were conducted to compare the attachment patterns, dependency, and jealousy of violent and maritally distressed husbands with that of nonviolent-distressed and nonviolent-nondistressed husbands. In Study 1, participants com-pleted the Adult Attachment Scale, Spouse Specific Dependency Scale, and Interper-sonal Jealousy Scale. In Study 2, participants completed the Relationship Styles Questionnaire, Rempel Trust Scale, and Adult Attachment Interview. Results were generally consistent with hypotheses that, relative to nonviolent husbands, violent men would evidence more insecure, preoccupied, and disorganized attachment (e.g., anxiety about abandonment, discomfort with closeness, and difficulty in classifying attachment); more dependency on and preoccupation with their wives; and more jealousy and less trust in their marriage. In addition, the findings suggest that researchers need to more carefully compare various measures of attachment. Attachment refers to the propensity of human beings to make strong emotional bonds to others (Bowlby, 1977). Attachment was originally studied in infants, theorists hypothesizing that attachment protects and enhances infants'

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