γ-Hydroxybutyric acid (GHB) is not an agonist of extrasynaptic GABAa receptors

20Citations
Citations of this article
27Readers
Mendeley users who have this article in their library.

Abstract

γ-Hydroxybutyric acid (GHB) is an endogenous compound and a drug used clinically to treat the symptoms of narcolepsy. GHB is known to be an agonist of GABA B receptors with millimolar affinity, but also binds with much higher affinity to another site, known as the GHB receptor. While a body of evidence has shown that GHB does not bind to GABA A receptors widely, recent evidence has suggested that the GHB receptor is in fact on extrasynaptic α4β1δ GABA A receptors, where GHB acts as an agonist with an EC 50 of 140 nM. We investigated three neuronal cell types that express a tonic GABA A receptor current mediated by extrasynaptic receptors: ventrobasal (VB) thalamic neurons, dentate gyrus granule cells and striatal medium spiny neurons. Using whole-cell voltage clamp in brain slices, we found no evidence that GHB (10 μM) induced any GABA A receptor mediated current in these cell types, nor that it modulated inhibitory synaptic currents. Furthermore, a high concentration of GHB (3 mM) was able to produce a GABA B receptor mediated current, but did not induce any other currents. These results suggest either that GHB is not a high affinity agonist at native α4β1δ receptors, or that these receptors do not exist in classical areas associated with extrasynaptic currents. © 2013 Connelly et al.

Cite

CITATION STYLE

APA

Connelly, W. M., Errington, A. C., & Crunelli, V. (2013). γ-Hydroxybutyric acid (GHB) is not an agonist of extrasynaptic GABAa receptors. PLoS ONE, 8(11). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0079062

Register to see more suggestions

Mendeley helps you to discover research relevant for your work.

Already have an account?

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free