Effects of Gate-Induced Electric Fields on Semiconductor Majorana Nanowires

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Abstract

We study the effect of gate-induced electric fields on the properties of semiconductor-superconductor hybrid nanowires which represent a promising platform for realizing topological superconductivity and Majorana zero modes. Using a self-consistent Schrödinger-Poisson approach that describes the semiconductor and the superconductor on equal footing, we are able to access the strong tunneling regime and identify the impact of an applied gate voltage on the coupling between semiconductor and superconductor. We discuss how physical parameters such as the induced superconducting gap and Landé g factor in the semiconductor are modified by redistributing the density of states across the interface upon application of an external gate voltage. Finally, we map out the topological phase diagram as a function of magnetic field and gate voltage for InAs/Al nanowires.

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Antipov, A. E., Bargerbos, A., Winkler, G. W., Bauer, B., Rossi, E., & Lutchyn, R. M. (2018). Effects of Gate-Induced Electric Fields on Semiconductor Majorana Nanowires. Physical Review X, 8(3). https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevX.8.031041

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