Xylan hydrolysis in Populus trichocarpa×P. deltoides and model substrates during hydrothermal pretreatment

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Abstract

Previous studies defined easy and difficult to hydrolyze fractions of hemicellulose that may result from bonds among cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin. To understand how such bonds affect hydrolysis, Populus trichocarpa×. Populus deltoides, holocellulose isolated from P. trichocarpa×. P. deltoides and birchwood xylan were subjected to hydrothermal flow-through pretreatment. Samples were characterized by glycome profiling, HPLC, and UPLC-MS. Glycome profiling revealed steady fragmentation and removal of glycans from solids during hydrolysis. The extent of polysaccharide fragmentation, hydrolysis rate, and total xylose yield were lowest for P. trichocarpa×. P. deltoides and greatest for birchwood xylan. Comparison of results from P. trichocarpa×. P. deltoides and holocellulose suggested that lignin-carbohydrate complexes reduce hydrolysis rates and limit release of large xylooligomers. Smaller differences between results with holocellulose and birchwood xylan suggest xylan-cellulose hydrogen bonds limited hydrolysis, but to a lesser extent. These findings imply cell wall structure strongly influences hydrolysis.

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APA

Trajano, H. L., Pattathil, S., Tomkins, B. A., Tschaplinski, T. J., Hahn, M. G., Van Berkel, G. J., & Wyman, C. E. (2015). Xylan hydrolysis in Populus trichocarpa×P. deltoides and model substrates during hydrothermal pretreatment. Bioresource Technology, 179, 202–210. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2014.11.090

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