Introduction Polymyxin B (PmB) belongs to the group of cyclic peptide antibiotics, which neutralize the activity of LPS by binding to lipid A. The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of PmB on the biological activity of lipooligosaccharide (LOS E. coli B,rough form of LPS) in vitro and in experimental metastasis models. Results Cultures of murine macrophage J774A.1 cells and murine bone marrow-derived dendritic cells (BM-DC) stimulated in vitro with LOS and supplemented with PmB demonstrated a decrease in inflammatory cytokine production (IL-6, IL-10, TNF-Î±) and down-regulation of CD40, CD80, CD86 and MHC class II molecule expression. Additionally, PmB suspended in drinking water was given to the C57BL/6 mice seven or five days prior to the intravenous injection of B16 or LLC cells and intraperitoneal application of LOS. This strategy of PmB administration was continued throughout the duration of the experiments (29 or 21 days). In B16 model, statistically significant decrease in the number of metastases in mice treated with PmB and LOS (p<0.01) was found on the 14th day of the experiments, whereas themost intensive changes in surfaceantigen expression and ex vivo production of IL-6, IL-1I and TNF-Î± by peritoneal cells were observed 7 days earlier. By contrast, antigen expression and ex vivo production of IL-6, IL-10, IFN-I by splenocytes remained relatively high and stable. Statistically significant decrease in LLC metastases number was observed after the application of LOS (p<0.01) and in the group of mice preconditioned by PmB and subsequently treated with LOS (LOS + PmB, p<0.01). Conclusions In conclusion, prolonged in vivo application of PmB was not able to neutralize the LOSinduced immune cell activity but its presence in the organism of treated mice was important in modulation of the LOS-mediated response against the development of metastases.
Kicielińska, J., Szczygiel, A., Rossowska, J., Anger, N., Kempińska, K., Switalska, M., … Pajtasz-Piasecka, E. (2016). Oral administration of polymyxin b modulates the activity of lipooligosaccharide e. coli b against lung metastases in murine tumor models. PLoS ONE, 11(2). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0148156