Helminth-induced immunomodulation is thought to influence the outcome of secondary infections. Osborne et al. (2014) and Reese et al. (2014) demonstrate that helminth infection impacts viral infections by tilting the immune system toward Th2/M2 immune regulatory responses that dampen Th1/M1 antiviral responses as well as promote reactivation of latent herpesviruses. © 2014 Elsevier Inc.
Damania, B., & Dittmer, D. P. (2014, August 13). What lies within: Coinfections and immunity. Cell Host and Microbe. Cell Press. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chom.2014.07.014