In endothelial cells cultured under high glucose conditions, methylglyoxal is the major intracellular precursor in the formation of advanced glycation endproducts. We found that endothelial cells incubated with 30 mM d-glucose produced approximately 2-fold higher levels of methylglyoxal but not 3-deoxyglucosone and glyoxal, as compared to 5 mM d-glucose. Under hyperglycaemic conditions, the methylglyoxal-arginine adduct argpyrimidine as detected with a specific antibody, but not Ne-(carboxymethyl)lysine and Ne-(carboxyethyl)lysine, was significantly elevated. The glyoxylase I inhibitor HCCG and the PPARγ ligand troglitazone also increased argpyrimidine levels. Increased levels of argpyrimidine by glucose, HCCG and troglitazone are accompanied by a decrease in proliferation of endothelial cells. A 27 kDa protein was detected as a major argpyrimidine- modified protein. With in-gel digestion and mass spectrometric analysis, we identified this major protein as heat-shock protein 27 (Hsp27). This argpyrimidine modification of Hsp27 may contribute to changes in endothelial cell function associated to diabetes. © 2006 Published by Elsevier B.V. on behalf of the Federation of European Biochemical Societies.
Schalkwijk, C. G., Van Bezu, J., Van Der Schors, R. C., Uchida, K., Stehouwer, C. D. A., & Van Hinsbergh, V. W. M. (2006). Heat-shock protein 27 is a major methylglyoxal-modified protein in endothelial cells. FEBS Letters, 580(6), 1565–1570. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.febslet.2006.01.086