Maple syrup urine disease (MSUD) is a rare autosomal recessive metabolic disorder. This disorder is usually caused by mutations in any one of the genes; BCKDHA, BCKDHB and DBT, which represent E1α E1β and E2 subunits of the branched-chain α-keto acid dehydrogenase (BCKDH) complex, respectively. This study presents the molecular characterization of 31 MSUD patients. Twenty one mutations including 14 new mutations were identified. The BCKDHB gene was the most commonly affected (45.2%) compared to BCKDHA gene (16.1%) and DBT gene (38.7%). In silico webservers predicted all mutations were disease-causing. In addition, structural evaluation disclosed that all new missenses in BCKDHA, BCKDHB and DBT genes affected stability and formation of E1 and E2 subunits. Majority of the patients had neonatal onset MSUD (26 of 31). Meanwhile, the new mutation; c.1196C > G (p.S399C) in DBT gene was noted to be recurrent and found in 9 patients. Conclusion: Our findings have expanded the mutational spectrum of the MSUD and revealed the genetic heterogeneity among Malaysian MSUD patients. We also discovered the p.S399C from DBT gene was noted as a recurrent mutation in Malay community and it suggested the existence of common and unique mutation in Malay population.
Ali, E. Z., & Ngu, L. H. (2018). Fourteen new mutations of BCKDHA, BCKDHB and DBT genes associated with maple syrup urine disease (MSUD) in Malaysian population. Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports, 17, 22–30. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ymgmr.2018.08.006