The Arctic region is a unique environment, subject to extreme environmental conditions, shaping life therein and contributing to its sensitivity to environmental change. The Arctic is under increasing environmental pressure from anthropogenic activity and global warming. The unique microbial diversity of Arctic regions, that has a critical role in biogeochemical cycling and in the production of greenhouse gases, will be directly affected by and affect, global changes. This article reviews current knowledge and understanding of microbial taxonomic and functional diversity in Arctic soils, the contributions of microbial diversity to ecosystem processes and their responses to environmental change.
Blaud, A., Lerch, T. Z., Phoenix, G. K., & Osborn, A. M. (2015). Arctic soil microbial diversity in a changing world. Research in Microbiology, 166(10), 796–813. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resmic.2015.07.013