Yeasts utilize different mechanisms to release ascospores of different lengths from bottle-shaped asci. Using electron microscopy, confocal laser scanning microscopy, gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and digital live imaging, the individual release of oval ascospores from tight-fitting narrow bottle-necks, is reported in the yeast Dipodascus albidus. These ascospores are surrounded by compressible, oxylipin-coated sheaths enabling ascospores to slide past each other when forced by turgor pressure and by possible sheath contractions towards the narrowing ascus-neck. In this paper, the release mechanisms of ascospores of various lengths from bottle-shaped asci and produced by different yeasts are compared. We suggest that different release mechanisms, utilizing compressible sheaths or geared-alignment, have possibly evolved to compensate for variation in ascospore length. Alternatively, sheaths and ridges might be two evolutionary solutions to the same biomechanical problem, i.e. to release ascospores irrespective of length from bottle-shaped asci. © 2005 Published by Elsevier B.V. on behalf of the Federation of European Microbiological Societies.
Van Heerden, A., Kock, J. L. F., Botes, P. J., Pohl, C. H., Strauss, C. J., Van Wyk, P. W. J., & Nigam, S. (2005). Ascospore release from bottle-shaped asci in Dipodascus albidus. FEMS Yeast Research, 5(12), 1185–1190. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.femsyr.2005.04.010