The first proton transfer of bacteriorhodopsin (bR) occurs from the protonated Schiff base to the anionic Asp 85 at the central part of the protein in the L to M states. Low-frequency dynamics accompanied by this process can be revealed by suppressed or recovered intensities (SRI) analysis of site-directed 13C solid-state NMR spectra of 2D crystalline preparations. First of all, we examined a relationship of fluctuation frequencies available from [1-13C]Val- and [3-13C]Ala-labeled preparations, by taking the effective correlation time of internal methyl rotations into account. We analyzed the SRI data of [1-13C]Val-labeled wild-type bR and D85N mutants, as a function of temperature and pH, respectively, based on so-far assigned peaks including newly assigned or revised ones. Global conformational change of the protein backbone, caused by neutralization of the anionic D85 by D85N, can be visualized by characteristic displacement of peaks due to the conformation-dependent 13C chemical shifts. Concomitant dynamics changes if any, with fluctuation frequencies in the order of 104 Hz, were evaluated by the decreased peak intensities in the B-C and D-E loops of D85N mutant. The resulting fluctuation frequencies, owing to subsequent, accelerated dynamics changes in the M-like state by deprotonation of the Schiff base at alkaline pH, were successfully evaluated based on the SRI plots as a function of pH, which were varied depending upon the extent of interference of induced fluctuation frequency with frequency of magic angle spinning or escape from such interference. Distinguishing fluctuation frequencies between the higher and lower than 104 Hz is now possible, instead of a simple description of the data around 104 Hz available from one-point data analysis previously reported. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Saitô, H., Kira, A., Arakawa, T., Tanio, M., Tuzi, S., & Naito, A. (2010). Suppressed or recovered intensities analysis in site-directed 13C NMR: Assessment of low-frequency fluctuations in bacteriorhodopsin and D85N mutants revisited. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Biomembranes, 1798(2), 167–176. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbamem.2009.06.027