This paper presents a comprehensive investigation at the microscopic scale of various pigments composed of chromium from the French ‘Manufacture de Sèvres’ to establish the origin of color in glazes. Electron microscopy coupled with X-ray diffraction allows the determination of the microstructure and composition of the crystalline phases after firing. X-ray absorption spectroscopy reveals subtle changes in the medium-range ordering around Cr with high spatial resolution, in the pigment grain or at the pigment/glass interface. Principal results indicate systematic and common changes whatever the pigment types: (i) Cr-enrichment for the final crystals, that controls the coloration of the glaze, (ii) migration of specific elements such as Al or Zn from the pigments to the amorphous part of the glaze, and (iii) crystallization of anorthite in the near proximity of the altered Cr-bearing crystalline pigments.
Verger, L., Dargaud, O., Rousse, G., & Cormier, L. (2018, November 1). Reactivity of chromium-based pigments in a porcelain glaze. Comptes Rendus Physique. Elsevier Masson SAS. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.crhy.2018.09.008