Although there is agreement that transfer factor endows skin test-negative subjects with the ability to develop the delayed allergic responses of the transfer factor donors, there is little direct information on the mechanism of this phenomenon or on the nature of the active component(s). This report reviews some of the known effects of transfer factor or immune responses and inflammation. It is concluded that transfer factor has multiple sites of action, including effects on the thymus, on lymphocyte-monooyte and/or lymphocyte-lymphocyte interactions, as well as direct effects on cells in inflammatory sites. It is also suggested that the "specificity" of transfer factor is determined by the immunologic status of the recipient rather than by informational molecules in the dialysates. Finally, it is proposed that many effects of transfer factor may be due to changes in intracellular cyclic necleotide content, especially accumulation of cGMP, in immunologically reactive cells. © 1975.
Kirkpatrick, C. H. (1975). Properties and activities of transfer factor. The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, 55(6), 411–421. https://doi.org/10.1016/0091-6749(75)90080-9