Background Some controversy exists regarding the safety of endoaortic balloon clamping in minimal access isolated mitral valve surgery (MIMVS). The aim of this European multicenter study was to analyze the results in 10 experienced centers and compare the outcomes with published data. Methods The most recent 50 consecutive MIMVS cases from10 European surgeons who had performed at least 100 procedures were prospectively collected and retrospectively analyzed. All procedures were performed through right minithoracotomy with femoral cannulation and endoaortic balloon occlusion. In-hospital and 30-day outcomes were studied. Mortality and stroke rates were compared with published median sternotomy and MIMVS outcomes. Results Mean age was 63.2 ± 12.5 years, 289 (57.8%) were male, mean logistic European system for cardiac operative risk evaluation was 6.1 ± 6.2, and 53 (10.6%) procedures had cardiac reoperations. Concomitant procedures were performed in 126 (25.9%) cases. Three patients (0.6%) required conversion to full sternotomy. Ten patients (2.0%) necessitated endoaortic balloon clamping conversion (8 to external clamping), and re-exploration for bleeding was necessary in 24 (4.8%) cases. Mean aortic cross-clamp and cardiopulmonary bypass times were 85.6 ± 30.1 and 129.5 ± 40.2 min, respectively, and were significantly longer for concomitant procedures (p < 0.001). There were no aortic dissections and no deep venous thromboses. Operative mortality (none neurologic) and major stroke occurred in 7 (1.4%) and 4 (0.8%) patients, respectively. These rates compared favorably with the published literature on isolated primary mitral valve surgery (MVS) through sternotomy or minithoracotomy (mortality rates 0.2% to 11.6%, stroke rates 0.6% to 4.4%). Conclusions Once procedural proficiency is acquired, endoaortic balloon clamping in MIMVS is a safe and effective technique. Despite the fact that this patient cohort also includes combined and redo procedures, the observed mortality and stroke rate compared favorably with the existing literature on primary isolated mitral valve surgery irrespective of the approach.
Casselman, F., Aramendi, J., Bentala, M., Candolfi, P., Coppoolse, R., Gersak, B., … Zacharias, J. (2015). Endoaortic clamping does not increase the risk of stroke in minimal access mitral valve surgery: A multicenter experience. Annals of Thoracic Surgery, 100(4), 1334–1339. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.athoracsur.2015.04.003