Background: Our aim was to evaluate maternal mortality causes among Turkish women giving birth after assisted reproductive techniques (ARTs). Methods: All maternal deaths following conception with ART pregnancies were identified through the National Maternal Mortality Surveillance System. We analyzed the system data collected between 2007 and 2014. During this period, there were 10,369,064 live births and 1788 maternal deaths resulting from both direct and indirect causes. We identified 28 maternal death cases following ART procedures. The age, gestational age at birth, number of antenatal visits, delivery route, time of death, cause of death, and neonatal outcomes were recorded. Also, any existing delay (phase 1, 2, or 3) and preventability of maternal death were assessed. Results: Hypertensive disorders, pulmonary embolism, and cardiovascular disease were the leading causes of maternal death. Twelve (40%) women were over 35 years of age. Of the deaths, 15 (54%) were attributed to indirect causes. The number of unpreventable maternal deaths was 19 (67.9%), and 9 (36%) were classified as preventable after being assessed by the review commission of maternal mortality. Conclusion: Pregnancies conceived with ARTs should undergo a careful assessment of risk factors for hypertensive disorders, pulmonary embolism and cardiovascular diseases. Those women require closer antenatal surveillance because 1/3 of these deaths were preventable.
Engin Üstün, Y., Sanisoğlu, S., Çınar, M., Keskin, H. L., Uygur, D., Özcan, A., … Şencan, İ. (2018). A view of maternal mortalities in women conceiving through assisted reproductive techniques: A nation-based study of Turkey. Journal of the Chinese Medical Association, 81(11), 985–989. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcma.2018.05.006