Background: The α2-antiplasmin (α2AP) protein is known to be a principal physiological inhibitor of plasmin, and is expressed in various part of the brain, including the hippocampus, cortex, hypothalamus and cerebellum, thus suggesting a potential role for α2AP in brain functions. However, the involvement of α2AP in brain functions is currently unclear. Objectives: The goal of this study was to investigate the effects of the deletion of the α2AP gene on the behavior of mice. Methods: The motor function was examined by the wire hang test and rotarod test. To evaluate the cognitive function, a repeated rotarod test, Y-maze test, Morris water maze test, passive or shuttle avoidance test and fear conditioning test were performed. An open field test, dark/light transition test or tail suspension test was performed to determine the involvement of α2AP in anxiety or depression-like behavior. Results and Conclusions: The a2AP knockout (α2AP-/-) mice exhibited impaired motor function compared with α2AP+/+ mice. The α2AP-/- mice also exhibited impairments in motor learning, working memory, spatial memory and fear conditioning memory. Furthermore, the deletion of α2AP induced anxiety-like behavior, and caused an anti-depression-like effect in tail suspension. Therefore, our findings suggest that α2AP is a crucial mediator of motor function, cognitive function, anxiety-like behavior and depression-like behavior, providing new insights into the role of α2AP in the brain functions. © 2014 Kawashita et al.
Kawashita, E., Kanno, Y., Ikeda, K., Kuretake, H., Matsuo, O., & Matsuno, H. (2014). Altered behavior in mice with deletion of the alpha2-antiplasmin gene. PLoS ONE, 9(5). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0097947