Chikungunya fever is a tropical vector-borne disease that has been spreading rapidly around the world during the last 10 years, and which has been usually misdiagnosed as dengue. Nowadays, this disease is increasing in Mexico, mainly in the southern and central zones of the country, being significantly more common in women, children and young adults (28% in < 20 years of age). The classical presentation includes fever, arthralgia, polyarthritis, back-pain, and skin rashes. Although symptoms and treatment are similar to those for dengue, there are key clinical features to differentiate these two diseases.
Nava-Frías, M., Searcy-Pavía, R. E., Juárez-Contreras, C. A., & Valencia-Bautista, A. (2016, March 1). Chikungunya fever: Current status in Mexico. Boletin Medico Del Hospital Infantil de Mexico. Masson-Doyma Mexico, S.A. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bmhimx.2016.03.001