A novel signal-amplified immunoassay for the detection of C-reactive protein using HRP-doped magnetic nanoparticles as labels with the electrochemical quartz crystal microbalance as a detector

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Abstract

A novel horseradish peroxidase- (HPR-) doped magnetic core-shell FeSiOAu nanocomposites (Fe-Au MNPs) were employed on immunoassay for the determination of C-reactive protein (CRP) based on a electrochemical quartz crystal microbalance detector (EQCM). Firstly, the secondary CRP antibody and HRP were both immobilized on the Fe-Au MNPs (Fe-Au MNPs-anti-CRP2/HRP) as a signal tag. Secondly, the above tag and the primary antibody (anti-CRP1) in the bottom of 96-well microtiter plate were employed to conjugate with a serial of CRP concentrations to produce a sandwich immunocomplex. Thirdly, the immunocomplex solution was subsequently exposed to 3, 3 ′ -diaminobenzidine (DAB) in the presence of H resulting in an insoluble product. When the precipitation solution was dripped on EQCM, it can achieve a decrease of frequency of crystal (Δ f). The amount of Δ f was proportional to (CRP) from 0.003 to 200 ng mL-1 with a low detection limit of 1 pg mL-1. Compared with the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), the immunoassay shows greatly improved sensitivity due to the significant amount of HRP labeled on signal tag. It also has good specificity and low sample consumption, which is expected to be a benefit for the CRP screening in early diagnosis of cardiovascular disease. © 2013 Ning Gan et al.

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Gan, N., Xiong, P., Wang, J., Li, T., Hu, F., Cao, Y., & Zheng, L. (2013). A novel signal-amplified immunoassay for the detection of C-reactive protein using HRP-doped magnetic nanoparticles as labels with the electrochemical quartz crystal microbalance as a detector. Journal of Analytical Methods in Chemistry, 2013. https://doi.org/10.1155/2013/482316

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