In the death receptor induced apoptotic pathway, caspase-8 autocatalytically cleaves itself at specific cleavage sites. To better understand the regulatory mechanisms behind caspase-8 activation, we compared active wild-type caspase-8 (wtC8) and an uncleavable form of procaspase-8 (uncleavable C8). We demonstrate that wtC8 predominantly exists as a monomer and dimerizes in a concentration and inhibitor binding-dependent fashion. The KD for dimeric wtC8 is ∼50 μM and decreases when inhibitor bound. Uncleavable C8 is mainly monomeric, but a small amount that dimerizes is as active as wtC8. Inhibitor binding does not favor dimerization but induces active site rearrangements in uncleavable C8. Our findings suggest that dimerization is the crucial factor for caspase-8 activation.
Donepudi, M., Sweeney, A. M., Briand, C., & Grütter, M. G. (2003). Insights into the regulatory mechanism for caspase-8 activation. Molecular Cell, 11(2), 543–549. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1097-2765(03)00059-5