Newly reported lupus and rheumatoid arthritis in relation to deployment within proximity to a documented open-air burn pit in Iraq

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationship between possible exposure to smoke from documented open-air burn pits and newly reported lupus and rheumatoid arthritis among Millennium Cohort participants who have deployed in support of operations in Iraq and Afghanistan. METHODS: Prospectively assessed self-reported lupus and rheumatoid arthritis among deployers who completed both 2004-2006 and 2007-2008 questionnaires. RESULTS: After exclusions, more than 18,000 participants were deployed, including more than 3000 participants deployed within a 3-mile radius of a documented burn pit. After adjustment, proximity within 3 miles of a burn pit was not significantly associated with rheumatoid arthritis or lupus in general; however, one location was associated with lupus, although few cases were at this site (n = 2). CONCLUSIONS: Results indicate deployers potentially exposed to documented burn pits in the combined three-camp analysis were not at an elevated risk of lupus or rheumatoid arthritis. Copyright © 2012 by American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine.

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Jones, K. A., Smith, B., Granado, N. S., Boyko, E. J., Gackstetter, G. D., Ryan, M. A. K., … Smith, T. C. (2012). Newly reported lupus and rheumatoid arthritis in relation to deployment within proximity to a documented open-air burn pit in Iraq. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 54(6), 698–707. https://doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0b013e3182529799

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