Between April 1979 and May 1989, 86 patients underwent emergency operation for acute type A aortic dissection. Sixty-four (74.4%) survived. None of the survivors died of late aortic complications. Fifty-eight patients were followed 3 months to 10 years (mean follow-up, 3.2 years) postoperatively with computed tomography and digital subtraction angiography. Dilatation of the distal aorta (diameter size range, 6 to 10.5 cm) developed in 10 patients (17%). Six patients underwent replacement of the descending aorta 1 month to 21 months (mean period, 8.5 months) after aortic dissection repair. Two of them had third-stage thoracoabdominal replacement. In 2 patients, replacement of the descending aorta was scheduled; 1 died before reoperation and 1 refused the procedure. Two patients underwent aortic arch replacement; it is scheduled for another (fourth stage). There were no deaths among the patients having reoperation. The rate of indications for reoperation on the aorta downstream from the original repair 1 month to 6 years 4 months (median time, 9 months) after primary surgical intervention for acute type A aortic dissection was 24% (14 reoperations in 10 of 58 patients). This study underscores the importance of close follow-up of patients having operation for acute type A aortic dissection. Early recognition of progressive downstream aortic pathology permits elective prevention of aortic rupture and timely reoperation. © 1990.
Heinemann, M., Laas, J., Karck, M., & Borst, H. G. (1990). Thoracic aortic aneurysms after acute type a aortic dissection: Necessity for follow-up. The Annals of Thoracic Surgery, 49(4), 580–584. https://doi.org/10.1016/0003-4975(90)90304-O