In order to effectively depict the group evacuation behavior in the complicated three-dimensional space, a novel pedestrian flow model is proposed with three-dimensional cellular automata. In this model the calculation methods of floor field and fire gain are elaborated at first, and the transition gain of target position at the next moment is defined. Then, in consideration of pedestrian intimacy and velocity change, the group evacuation strategy and evolution rules are given. Finally, the experiments were conducted with the simulation platform to study the relationships of evacuation time, pedestrian density, average system velocity, and smoke spreading velocity. The results had shown that large-scale group evacuation should be avoided, and in case of large pedestrian density, the shortest route of evacuation strategy would extend system evacuation time. © 2014 Jun Hu et al.
Hu, J., Sun, H., Gao, G., Wei, J., & You, L. (2014). The group evacuation behavior based on fire effect in the complicated three-dimensional space. Mathematical Problems in Engineering, 2014. https://doi.org/10.1155/2014/949280