Objectives: To evaluate reactive oxygen species production of semen samples and Percoll-washed spermatozoa from men with spinal cord injuries and to determine if there is a relationship between this reactive oxygen species production and sperm motility. Participants: Semen samples from healthy volunteers and infertile patients were collected by masturbation. Interventions: Semen samples from men with a spinal cord injury were obtained by electroejaculation or by masturbation after treatment with physostigmine. Main Outcome Measurements: Motility was measured using the CellSoft computer- assisted analysis system (Cryo Resources Ltd., Montgomery, NY). Luminol- amplified chemiluminescence was used to measure reactive oxygen species production. Results: Semen samples and Percoll-washed spermatozoa from men with a spinal cord injury produced reactive oxygen species at much higher frequency and levels than equivalent preparations from infertile men or healthy volunteers. There was an inverse relationship between the percentage of motility and reactive oxygen species production in Percoll-washed spermatozoa from men with a spinal cord injury. Conclusion: Semen samples and Percoll-washed spermatozoa from men with spinal cord injury produce high levels of reactive oxygen species that may be related to the low sperm motility and infertility observed in these men.
De Lamirande, E., Leduc, B. E., Iwasaki, A., Hassouna, M., & Gagnon, C. (1995). Increased reactive oxygen species formation in semen of patients with spinal cord injury. Fertility and Sterility, 63(3), 637–642. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0015-0282(16)57438-X