Advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS) are a subject of increasing interest as they are being implemented on production vehicles and also continue to be developed and researched. These systems need to work cooperatively with human drivers to increase vehicle driving safety and performance. Such cooperation requires the ADAS to work with the specific driver with some knowledge of the human driver's driving behavior. To aid such cooperation between human drivers and ADAS, driver models are necessary to replicate and predict human driving behaviors and distinguish among different drivers. This paper presents a combined lateral and longitudinal driver model developed based on human subject driving simulator experiments that is able to identify different driver behaviors through driver model parameter identification. The lateral driver model consists of a compensatory transfer function and an anticipatory component and is integrated with the design of the individual driver's desired path. The longitudinal driver model works with the lateral driver model by using the same desired path parameters to model the driver's velocity control based on the relative velocity and relative distance to the preceding vehicle. A feedforward component is added to the feedback longitudinal driver model by considering the driver's ability to regulate his/her velocity based on the curvature of his/her desired path. This interconnection between the longitudinal and lateral driver models allows for fewer driver model parameters and an increased modeling accuracy. It has been shown that the proposed driver model can replicate individual driver's steering wheel angle and velocity for a variety of highway maneuvers.
Schnelle, S., Wang, J., Jagacinski, R., & Su, H. jun. (2018). A feedforward and feedback integrated lateral and longitudinal driver model for personalized advanced driver assistance systems. Mechatronics, 50, 177–188. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mechatronics.2018.02.007