The interaction of the major acidic bovine seminal plasma protein, PDC-109, with dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine (DMPC) membranes has been investigated by spin-label electron spin resonance spectroscopy. Studies employing phosphatidylcholine spin labels, bearing the spin labels at different positions along the sn-2 acyl chain indicate that the protein penetrates into the hydrophobic interior of the membrane and interacts with the lipid acyl chains up to the 14th C atom. Binding of PDC-109 at high protein/lipid ratios (PDC-109:DMPC=1:2, w/w) results in a considerable decrease in the chain segmental mobility of the lipid as seen by spin-label electron spin resonance spectroscopy. A further interesting new observation is that, at high concentrations, PDC-109 is capable of (partially) solubilizing DMPC bilayers. The selectivity of PDC-109 in lis interaction with membrane lipids was investigated by using different spin-labeled phospholipid and steroid probes in the DMPC host membrane. These studies indicate that the protein exhibits highest selectivity for the choline phospholipids phosphatidylcholine and sphingomyelin under physiological conditions of pH and ionic strength. The selectivity for different lipids is in the following order: phosphatidylcholine≈sphingomyelin≥phosphatidic acid (pH 6.0)>phosphatidylglycerol≈phosphatidylserine≈androstanol >phosphatidylethanolamine≥N-acyl phosphatidylethanolamine≫cholestane. Thus, the lipids bearing the phosphocholine moiety in the headgroup are clearly the lipids most strongly recognized by PDC-109. However, these studies demonstrate that this protein also recognizes other lipids such as phosphatidylglycerol and the sterol androstanol, albeit with somewhat reduced affinity.
Ramakrishnan, M., Anbazhagan, V., Pratap, T. V., Marsh, D., & Swamy, M. J. (2001). Membrane insertion and lipid-protein interactions of bovine seminal plasma protein PDC-109 investigated by spin-label electron spin resonance spectroscopy. Biophysical Journal, 81(4), 2215–2225. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0006-3495(01)75869-9