Late preterm (LP) and early term (ET) infants have generally been considered in the same way as their healthy full term (FT) counterparts. It is only in the last decade that an increased risk of later poor health in children born LP has been recognised; evidence for health outcomes following ET birth is still emerging. However, reports are largely consistent in highlighting an increased risk, which lessens approaching FT but is measurable and persists into adolescence and beyond. The most thoroughly explored area to date is respiratory morbidity. This article reviews the body of available evidence for effects of LP birth on pulmonary function and ongoing morbidity, and other areas where an increased risk of health problems has been identified in this population. Implications for delivery of health care are considered and areas for further research are highlighted.
Muganthan, T., & Boyle, E. M. (2019, February 1). Early childhood health and morbidity, including respiratory function in late preterm and early term births. Seminars in Fetal and Neonatal Medicine. W.B. Saunders Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.siny.2018.10.007