Menopause and Dry Eye Syndrome

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Dry eye syndrome is a common ophthalmic complaint. Women, especially menopausal women with comorbidities, are at greater risk for developing dry eye syndrome and subsequent negative effects on their overall eye health. In this article, I review the anatomy and physiology of the ocular surface of the eye, pathophysiology of dry eyes and its complications, risk factors for menopausal women, and assessment tools that nurses can use. Implications for nursing practice are discussed, and a case example illustrates clinical points.




Lurati, A. R. (2019). Menopause and Dry Eye Syndrome. Nursing for Women’s Health, 23(1), 71–78.

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