Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate whether a digital thoracic drainage system (group D) is clinically useful compared with a traditional thoracic drainage system (group T) in chest tube management following anatomic lung resection. Methods: Patients scheduled to undergo segmentectomy or lobectomy were prospectively randomized before surgery to group D or T. A stratification randomization was performed according to the following air leak risk factors: age, sex, smoking status, and presence of emphysema and/or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The primary end point was the duration of chest tube placement. Results: No statistically significant differences were found between groups D (n = 135) and T (n = 164) with regard to the duration of chest tube placement (median, 2.0 vs 3.0 days; P =.149), duration of hospitalization (median, 6.0 vs 7.0 days; P =.548), or frequency of postoperative adverse events (25.1% vs 20.7%; P =.361). In subgroup analyses of the 64 patients with postoperative air leak (20 in group D and 44 in group T), the duration of chest tube placement (median, 4.5 vs 4.0 days; P =.225) and duration of postoperative air leak (median, 3.0 vs 3.0 days; P =.226) were not significantly different between subgroups. Conclusions: The use of a digital thoracic drainage system did not shorten the duration of chest tube placement in comparison to a traditional thoracic drainage system after anatomic lung resection.
Takamochi, K., Nojiri, S., Oh, S., Matsunaga, T., Imashimizu, K., Fukui, M., & Suzuki, K. (2018). Comparison of digital and traditional thoracic drainage systems for postoperative chest tube management after pulmonary resection: A prospective randomized trial. Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, 155(4), 1834–1840. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtcvs.2017.09.145