Despite being one of the most well-studied transcription factors, the temporal regulation of p53-mediated transcription is not very well understood. Recent data suggest that target specificity of p53-mediated transactivation is achieved by posttranslational modifications of p53. K120 acetylation is a modification critical for recruitment of p53 to proapoptotic targets. Our data reveal that histone deacetylase 5 (HDAC5) binds to p53 and abrogates K120 acetylation, resulting in preferential recruitment of p53 to proarrest and antioxidant targets at early phases of stress. However, upon prolonged genotoxic stress, HDAC5 undergoes nuclear export. Concomitantly, p53 is acetylated at the K120 residue and selectively transactivates proapoptotic target genes, leading to onset of apoptosis. Furthermore, upon genotoxic stress in mice where HDAC5 expression is downregulated, the onset of apoptosis is accelerated in the highly vulnerable tissues. These findings suggest that HDAC5 is a key determinant of p53-mediated cell fate decisions in response to genotoxic stress. © 2013 Elsevier Inc.
Sen, N., Kumari, R., Singh, M. I., & Das, S. (2013). HDAC5, a Key Component in Temporal Regulation of p53-Mediated Transactivation in Response to Genotoxic Stress. Molecular Cell, 52(3), 406–420. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molcel.2013.09.003