First report of urinary tract infection caused by Comamonas kerstersii in a goat

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Abstract

Background: Comamonas kerstersii is rarely associated with infections in humans and has never been reported in animals until now. Case presentation: Herein, we describe a case of urinary tract infection caused by C. kerstersii in a young goat. A seven-month-old male goat showed lethargy, generalised weakness and anorexia and in the last hours before its death, severe depression, slight abdominal distention, ruminal stasis, and sternal recumbency. Grossly, multifocal haemorrhages in different organs and tissues, subcutaneous oedema and hydrocele, serous fluid with scattered fibrin deposition on the serosa of the abdominal organs and severe pyelonephritis with multifocal renal infarction were detected. Histopathological examination confirmed severe chronic active pyelonephritis with renal infarcts, multi-organ vasculitis and thrombosis suggestive of an infectious diseases of bacterial origin. The bacterium was identified using routine methods, matrix assisted laser desorption/ionisation time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS), and sequencing of the gyrB gene. Conclusions: To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of C. kerstersii infection in animals (goat). Our findings support the possibility of C. kerstersii isolation from extraintestinal sites and suggest this organism as a possible cause of urinary tract infection.

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Pavone, S., Rinoldo, R., Albini, E., Fiorucci, A., Caponi, B., Fratto, A., … Magistrali, C. F. (2021). First report of urinary tract infection caused by Comamonas kerstersii in a goat. BMC Veterinary Research, 17(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12917-021-02840-x

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