The gasochromic performance of nanostructured nickel oxide (NiO) films coated with 25 Å catalytic palladium (Pd) layer were investigated for low concentration hydrogen (H2) sensing. NiO nanostructures of 20-30 nm sizes were produced via RF sputtering deposition of NiOx on quartz substrates and subsequently annealed at 500 °C. It was found that the Pd/NiO films show significant gasochromic response when exposed to H2 at elevated temperatures. Integrating the absorbance change over a range of visible wavelengths (500-800 nm), has enabled very low concentrations of H2 (0.06%) to be sensed in real time. T90% response of 25 Å Pd/100 nm NiO film towards 0.06% H2 in a balance of synthetic air was approximately 120 s at 170 °C. Similar H2 concentration can be recovered in as little as 240 s at 170 °C. Copyright © 2011 American Scientific Publishers All rights reserved.
Yaacob, M. H., Campbell, J. L., Wisitsoraat, A., & Wlodarski, W. (2011). Gasochromic response of Pd/NiO nanostructured film towards hydrogen. In Sensor Letters (Vol. 9, pp. 898–901). https://doi.org/10.1166/sl.2011.1639