Purpose To determine the prevalence of active convulsive epilepsy and treatment gap in two Urban slums in Enugu South East Nigeria. Methods A 3 phase cross-sectional descriptive study was done to survey individuals ≥15 years in 2 slums in Enugu, South East Nigeria. Results The prevalence of epilepsy was 6.0 (95% CI: 5.9-6.0) per 1000 (men 4.4/1000, 95% CI: 2.3-6.4, women 7.8/1000, 95% CI: 4.9-10.4), p = 0.06. The peak age of active convulsive epilepsy was 40-44 years (11.2 per 1000) with two smaller peaks at 25-29 and ≥50 years. The age and sex adjusted prevalence using WHO standard population and 2006 Nigerian census population were 5.9 per 1000 (95% CI: 4.0-7.9) and 5.4 per 1000 (95% CI: 3.4-7.4). Conclusion The prevalence of epilepsy is high in urban slums in Enugu. Nationwide studies should be done to find out the true prevalence in the country.
Ezeala-Adikaibe, B. A., Orjioke, C., Ekenze, O., Ijoma, U., Onodugo, O., Molokwu, O., … Ulasi, I. (2016). Prevalence of active convulsive epilepsy in an urban slum in Enugu South East Nigeria. Seizure, 35, 100–105. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seizure.2015.12.010