University-Industry Technology Transfer: Framework and Constraints

  • Teng H
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Abstract

Since the 1990s, innovation has been more accepted by many countries as a driver for socioeconomic development. National economic success is ever more determined by a country's effectiveness in mobilizing and utilizing knowledge. Universities are being viewed by policymakers in many countries as engines of growth. This will encourage universities to reconfigure themselves with structures which maximize their capacity for innovation. University-enterprise technology transfer activities are increasingly important as a source of regional economic development and revenue for the university. The conversion of University research into economic growth is vital for the future of the China. In order to improve the efficiency of this transfer, the research should be made know the mechanism and methods for technology transfer between the university and enterprise, The authors develop an overview of the problem and recommend two strategies for accomplishing this end, and presents a technology transfer model seen from the point of view of most technology receivers in Xi'an China. Keywords: Technology transfer, Framework, University-enterprise 1. Introduction It is becoming increasingly apparent that in many countries innovation becomes a central theme of national development. The emergence of innovation-driven economy brings changes in public policy such as public sector reform, education reform, and privatization. This also stimulates increased relationships and interactions among knowledge producers, transfer agents, and knowledge users (Jacob et al., 2003). Universities have traditionally been thought of as the places for higher education and basic research, but serve increasingly also other than purely public interests. Over the last 25 years, we have seen a significant increase in formal technology transfer from universities and research institutes to private sector organizations in exchange for monetary compensation. It is the Government's expectation that the universities should have a third leg in entrepreneurial activities, in addition to the teaching and research activities. It is hoped that the universities actively push for the commercialization of their inventions through spin-offs, and technology and patent licensing, this also named server society. Therefore, cooperation between universities and the industry needs to be intensified and university-inventions geared more into innovations, as it is vital that knowledge flows from universities into business and society. Stimulating collaboration between universities and the industry, technology transfer and commercialization of university-born inventions are the pertinent to achieve Vision 2020. It is viewed as an enabler to:(1)gain access to local university resources through consultancy, student projects and joint R&D projects; (2)foster collaborations in local industries as well as global network (3)nurture science and engineering talents for growth of technology clusters; (4)network industries and professional organizations for exchange and community building. For technology-based companies, more and more skillful engineering professionals are required to expatriate to foreign technology-advanced companies for technology transfer purpose. And many engineers combined with the university teachers innovations. Past research on the technology transfer mainly focused on factors influenced the results related issues, which are quite different from the problems faced by technology receivers. To improve the technology transfer performances, nearly a third of the nation's governors have called on legislatures to increase funding for universities technology transfer programs. The paper describe the research objectives firstly in simplest, then provide a brief overview of the general idea of the technology transfer, followed by a description of the research methodology and the mechanism. Then, the document presents a technology transfer model seen from the point of view of most technology receivers in Xi'an China, so as to promote the technology transfer results and improve the economy developing quality. 2. Definition: university-enterprise technology transfer 2.1 Technology Transfer Technology transfer is such a concept that is absolutely broader than the acquisition of physical assets. The exchange of technology and know-how between firms, in fact, should contain the exchange of both resources and competence of two organizations (Lynskey, 1999). Lynskey indicates that the nature of knowledge that is, transferability and transparency, involved in technology transfer will become influential factors for success of the process. The transferability of knowledge refers to the extent to which knowledge can be transferred. If the

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Teng, H. (2010). University-Industry Technology Transfer: Framework and Constraints. Journal of Sustainable Development, 3(2). https://doi.org/10.5539/jsd.v3n2p296

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