Deficiency of C5L2 Increases Macrophage Infiltration and Alters Adipose Tissue Function in Mice

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Abstract

Background:Obesity is considered as a systemic chronic low grade inflammation characterized by increased serum pro-inflammatory proteins and accumulation of macrophages within white adipose tissue (WAT) of obese patients. C5L2, a 7-transmembrane receptor, serves a dual function, binding the lipogenic hormone acylation stimulating protein (ASP), and C5a, involved in innate immunity.Aim:We evaluated the impact of C5L2 on macrophage infiltration in WAT of wildtype (Ctl) and C5L2 knock-out (C5L2-/-) mice over 6, 12 and 24 weeks on a chow diet and moderate diet-induced obesity (DIO) conditions.Results:In Ctl mice, WAT C5L2 and C5a receptor mRNA increased (up to 10-fold) both over time and with DIO. By contrast, in C5L2-/-, there was no change in C5aR in WAT. C5L2-/- mice displayed higher macrophage content in WAT, varying by time, fat depot and diet, associated with altered systemic and WAT cytokine patterns compared to Ctl mice. However, in all cases, the M1 (pro-) vs M2 (anti-inflammatory) macrophage proportion was unchanged but C5L2-/- adipose tissue secretome appeared to be more chemoattractant. Moreover, C5L2-/- mice have increased food intake, increased WAT, and altered WAT lipid gene expression, which is reflected systemically. Furthermore, C5L2-/- mice have altered glucose/insulin metabolism, adiponectin and insulin signalling gene expression in WAT, which could contribute to development of insulin resistance.Conclusion:Disruption of C5L2 increases macrophage presence in WAT, contributing to obesity-associated pathologies, and further supports a dual role of complement in WAT. Understanding this effect of the complement system pathway could contribute to targeting treatment of obesity and its comorbidities. © 2013 Gauvreau et al.

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Gauvreau, D., Gupta, A., Fisette, A., Tom, F. Q., & Cianflone, K. (2013). Deficiency of C5L2 Increases Macrophage Infiltration and Alters Adipose Tissue Function in Mice. PLoS ONE, 8(4). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0060795

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