Symmetric vs asymmetric nucleon-induced fission of thorium up to 200 MeV

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The transition from asymmetric to symmetric fission as dependent on the excitation energy and nucleon composition of fissioning Th and Pa nuclei is investigated for the 232Th(n, F) and 232Th(p, F) reactions, respectively. Observed neutron-induced fission cross sections are described in a fission/evaporation approximation. A separate relatively high outer fission barrier Ef BSL with significant curvature was assumed for the symmetric mode, while the inner one (Ef ASL (AS)) was assumed to be the same for symmetric (SL) and asymmetric (AS) modes. Axial asymmetry and mass symmetry is assumed for the outer saddle of the SL-mode, as distinct from the AS-mode. A drop of (Ef ASL - Ef AAS) = 3.5   MeV to ∼1-1.5 MeV for Th and Pa nuclei with A ≤ 226 is responsible for the increase of the symmetric fission contribution to 225,229,230,231,232Th(n, F) or 232Th(p, F) fission cross sections with nucleon energy up to En (p) = 200   MeV. It is shown that with increase of the En (p) above ∼ 80   MeV the 229,230,231,232Th(n, F) fission cross sections are no longer dependent on the Th target nuclide fissility. The dependence of 232Th fission cross section on the incident particle (n or p) is predicted to be different than in case of 238U target nuclide. © 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.




Maslov, V. M. (2007). Symmetric vs asymmetric nucleon-induced fission of thorium up to 200 MeV. Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics, 649(5–6), 376–383.

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