OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate the role of anthropometric clinical indicators of visceral adiposity as predictors of NAFLD, identifying the cutoff points based on gender. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study conducted in patients with or without NAFLD. Waist circumference (WC), body mass index (BMI), waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), Conicity Index (C Index), and lipid accumulation product (LAP) were evaluated. RESULTS: A total of 107 individuals were evaluated, of which 46.7% were diagnosed with NAFLD. Individuals with NAFLD presented higher values of WC, BMI, C Index, LAP, and WHtR when compared with those without NAFLD (p<0.05). For the total sample, the indicators WC, BMI, WHtR, LAP, and C Index had an area under the receiver operator characteristic curve (AUC) above 0.87, with no difference in the prediction of NAFLD in both sexes. WHtR (AUC=0.934) was the indicator of visceral adiposity with the best discriminatory power for NAFLD, followed by LAP (0.919), WC (0.912), C Index (0.907), and BMI (0.877). CONCLUSIONS: The anthropometric clinical indicators of visceral adiposity showed high performance, especially the WHtR indicator, as NAFLD predictors.
Almeida, N. S., Rocha, R., Daltro, C., de Souza, C. A., Silva, R. L. P. D., Sarno, M. A. C., & Cotrim, H. P. (2021). Anthropometric clinical indicators of visceral adiposity as predictors of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Revista Da Associacao Medica Brasileira, 67(11), 1544–1549. https://doi.org/10.1590/1806-9282.20210316