Chronic wound dressings – Pathogenic bacteria anti-biofilm treatment with bacterial cellulose-chitosan polymer or bacterial cellulose-chitosan dots composite hydrogels

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Abstract

Since the pathogenic bacteria biofilms are involved in 70% of chronic infections and their resistance to antibiotics is increased, the research in this field requires new healing agents. New composite hydrogels were designed as potential chronic wound dressings composed of bacterial cellulose (BC) with chitosan polymer (Chi) – BC-Chi and chitosan nanoparticles (nChiD) – BC-nChiD. nChiD were obtained by gamma irradiation at doses: 20, 40 and 60 kGy. Physical and chemical analyses showed incorporation of Chi and encapsulation of nChiD into BC. The BC-Chi has the highest average surface roughness. BC-nChiD hydrogels show an irradiated dose-dependent increase of average surface roughness. New composite hydrogels are biocompatible with excellent anti-biofilm potential with up to 90% reduction of viable biofilm and up to 65% reduction of biofilm height. The BC-nChiD showed better dressing characteristics: higher porosity, higher wound fluid absorption and faster migration of cells (in vitro healing). All obtained results confirmed both composite hydrogels as promising chronic wound healing agents.

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Zmejkoski, D. Z., Zdravković, N. M., Trišić, D. D., Budimir, M. D., Marković, Z. M., Kozyrovska, N. O., & Todorović Marković, B. M. (2021). Chronic wound dressings – Pathogenic bacteria anti-biofilm treatment with bacterial cellulose-chitosan polymer or bacterial cellulose-chitosan dots composite hydrogels. International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, 191, 315–323. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2021.09.118

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