Management of non-traumatic chest pain by the French Emergency Medical System: Insights from the DOLORES registry

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Abstract

Background. - The early recognition of acute coronary syndromes is a priority in health care sys-tems, to reduce revascularization delays. In France, patients are encouraged to call emergency numbers (15, 112), which are routed to a Medical Dispatch Centre where physicians conduct an interview and decide on the appropriate response. However, the effectiveness of this system has not yet been assessed. Aim. - To describe and analyse the response of emergency physicians receiving calls for chest pain in the French Emergency Medical System. Methods. - From 16 November to 13 December 2009, calls to the Medical Dispatch Centre for non-traumatic chest pain were included prospectively in a multicentre observational study. Clinical characteristics and triage decisions were collected. Results. - A total of 1647 patients were included in the study. An interview was conducted with the patient in only 30.5% of cases, and with relatives, bystanders or physicians in the other cases. A Mobile Intensive Care Unit was dispatched to 854 patients (51.9%) presenting with typical angina chest pains and a high risk of cardiovascular disease. Paramedics were sent to 516 patients (31.3%) and a general practitioner was sent to 169 patients (10.3%). Patients were given medical advice only by telephone in 108 cases (6.6%). Conclusions. - Emergency physicians in the Medical Dispatch Centre sent an effecter to the majority of patients who called the Emergency Medical System for chest pain. The response level was based on the characteristics of the chest pain and the patient's risk profile.

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Manzo-Silberman, S., Assez, N., Vivien, B., Tazarourte, K., Mokni, T., Bounes, V., … Charpentier, S. (2015). Management of non-traumatic chest pain by the French Emergency Medical System: Insights from the DOLORES registry. Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases, 108(3), 181–188. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.acvd.2014.11.002

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