The diagnostic values of diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) and 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (18F-FDG PET/CT) for N-staging of gastric cancer (GC) were identified and compared. After a systematic search to identify relevant articles, meta-analysis was used to summarize the sensitivities, specificities, and areas under curves (AUCs) for DWI and PET/CT. To better understand the diagnostic utility of DWI and PET/CT for N-staging, the performance of multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) was used as a reference. Fifteen studies were analyzed. The pooled sensitivity, specificity, and AUC with 95% confidence intervals of DWI were 0.79 (0.73-0.85), 0.69 (0.61-0.77), and 0.81 (0.77-0.84), respectively. For PET/CT, the corresponding values were 0.52 (0.39-0.64), 0.88 (0.61-0.97), and 0.66 (0.62-0.70), respectively. Comparison of the two techniques revealed DWI had higher sensitivity and AUC, but no difference in specificity. DWI exhibited higher sensitivity but lower specificity than MDCT, and 18F-FDG PET/CT had lower sensitivity and equivalent specificity. Overall, DWI performed better than 18F-FDG PET/CT for preoperative N-staging in GC. When the efficacy of MDCT was taken as a reference, DWI represented a complementary imaging technique, while 18F-FDG PET/CT had limited utility for preoperative N-staging.
Luo, M., Song, H., Liu, G., Lin, Y., Luo, L., Zhou, X., & Chen, B. (2017). Comparison of DWI and 18F-FDG PET/CT for assessing preoperative N-staging in gastric cancer: Evidence from a meta-analysis. Oncotarget, 8(48), 84473–84488. https://doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.21055