Advancements in knowledge in diverse fields of science, including genetics, cell biology, molecular biology and biochemistry, have shed light on the origins of cancer and cell intrinsic properties that allow it to grow, invade and metastasize. Many therapies currently in use or under development are based on this knowledge. Advances in immunology, on the other hand, have shed light on how the host responds to these malignant properties of cancer. Based on that knowledge, immunotherapy, in particular vaccines directed at improving the host response against cancer, is being developed as an alternative therapeutic approach. In this review, we address main issues that have driven development of cancer vaccines and the challenges that have been met and/or are anticipated. © 2008 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Pejawar-Gaddy, S., & Finn, O. J. (2008, August). Cancer vaccines: Accomplishments and challenges. Critical Reviews in Oncology/Hematology. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.critrevonc.2008.02.010