// Daniel Zahner 1, * , Hannah Glimm 2, * , Tomomitsu Matono 2, * , Yuri Churin 2 , Diran Herebian 3 , Ertan Mayatepek 3 , Kernt Köhler 4 , Stefan Gattenlöhner 5 , Anne Stinn 2 , Annette Tschuschner 2 , Martin Roderfeld 2 , Elke Roeb 2 1 Central Laboratory Animal Facility, Justus Liebig University, Giessen, Germany 2 Department of Gastroenterology, Justus Liebig University, Giessen, Germany 3 Department of General Pediatrics, Neonatology and Pediatric Cardiology, Medical Faculty, Heinrich-Heine-University, Duesseldorf, Germany 4 Institute of Veterinary Pathology, Justus-Liebig-University, Giessen, Germany 5 Department of Pathology, Justus-Liebig-University, Giessen, Germany * These authors have contributed equally to this work Correspondence to: Elke Roeb, email: firstname.lastname@example.org Keywords: HBsAg, ER-stress, carcinogenesis, cholangitis, fibrosis Received: May 30, 2016 Accepted: January 03, 2017 Published: February 02, 2017 ABSTRACT Understanding of the pathophysiology of cholestasis associated carcinogenesis could challenge the development of new personalized therapeutic approaches and thus improve prognosis. Simultaneous damage might aggravate hepatic injury, induce chronic liver disease and even promote carcinogenesis. We aimed to study the effect of Hepatitis B virus surface protein (HBsAg) on cholestatic liver disease and associated carcinogenesis in a mouse model combining both impairments. Hybrids of Abcb4 -/- and HBsAg transgenic mice were bred on fibrosis susceptible background BALB/c. Liver injury, serum bile acid concentration, hepatic fibrosis, and carcinogenesis were enhanced by the combination of simultaneous damage in line with activation of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), proto-oncogene c-Jun, and Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3). Activation of Protein Kinase RNA-like Endoplasmic Reticulum Kinase (PERK) and Eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2A (eIF2α) indicated unfolded protein response (UPR) in HBsAg-expressing mice and even in Abcb4 -/- without HBsAg-expression. CONCLUSION: Cholestasis-induced STAT3- and JNK-pathways may predispose HBsAg-associated tumorigenesis. Since STAT3- and JNK-activation are well characterized critical regulators for tumor promotion, the potentiation of their activation in hybrids suggests an additive mechanism enhancing tumor incidence.
Zahner, D., Glimm, H., Matono, T., Churin, Y., Herebian, D., Mayatepek, E., … Roeb, E. (2017). Hepatitis B virus surface proteins accelerate cholestatic injury and tumor progression in Abcb4-knockout mice. Oncotarget, 8(32), 52560–52570. https://doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.15003