The onset of the twentieth century saw the rise of stone disease knowledge to near the level of our current era. The pathophysiology of stone formation was clearly linked to other etiologies. For instance, the parathyroid glands were identified much earlier than their role in formation of both bone and renal stone formation.
Moran, M. E., & Moran, M. E. (2014). Early Modern Stone Disease. In Urolithiasis (pp. 285–304). Springer New York. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-8196-6_23