Objectives This study sought to investigate whether selective ablation of the carotid body (CB) chemoreceptors improves cardiorespiratory control and survival during heart failure. Background Chronic heart failure (CHF) is a recognized health problem worldwide, and novel treatments are needed to better improve life quality and decrease mortality. Enhanced carotid chemoreflex drive from the CB is thought to contribute significantly to autonomic dysfunction, abnormal breathing patterns, and increased mortality in heart failure. Methods Chronic heart failure was induced by coronary ligation in rats. Selective CB denervation was performed to remove carotid chemoreflex drive in the CHF state (16 weeks post-myocardial infarction). Indexes of autonomic and respiratory function were assessed in CB intact and CB denervated animals. CB denervation at 2 weeks post-myocardial infarction was performed to evaluate whether early targeted CB ablation decreases the progression of left ventricular dysfunction, cardiac remodeling, and arrhythmic episodes and improves survival. Results The CHF rats developed increased CB chemoreflex drive and chronic central pre-sympathetic neuronal activation, increased indexes of elevated sympathetic outflow, increased breathing variability and apnea incidence, and desensitization of the baroreflex. Selective CB ablation reduced the central pre-sympathetic neuronal activation by 40%, normalized indexes of sympathetic outflow and baroreflex sensitivity, and reduced the incidence of apneas in CHF animals from 16.8 ± 1.8 events/h to 8.0 ± 1.4 events/h. Remarkably, when CB ablation was performed early, cardiac remodeling, deterioration of left ventricle ejection fraction, and cardiac arrhythmias were reduced. Most importantly, the rats that underwent early CB ablation exhibited an 85% survival rate compared with 45% survival in CHF rats without the intervention. Conclusions Carotid chemoreceptors play a seminal role in the pathogenesis of heart failure, and their targeted ablation might be of therapeutic value to reduce cardiorespiratory dysfunction and improve survival during CHF. © 2013 by the American College of Cardiology Foundation.
Del Rio, R., Marcus, N. J., & Schultz, H. D. (2013). Carotid chemoreceptor ablation improves survival in heart failure: Rescuing autonomic control of cardiorespiratory function. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 62(25), 2422–2430. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jacc.2013.07.079