Characterization of yellow root cassava and food products: Investigation of cyanide and β-carotene concentrations

2Citations
Citations of this article
13Readers
Mendeley users who have this article in their library.

This artice is free to access.

Abstract

Objective: Cyanide is a highly toxic compound, and the consumption of products containing cyanide is a significant public health concern. Conversely, β-carotene possesses essential nutritional attributes for human health, therefore the characterisation and quantification of both compounds in food products is fundamental. Herein, cyanide and β-carotene levels in two flours produced from the roots of two varieties of cassava (Manihot esculenta crantz), namely UMUCASS-38(TMS 01/1371) and NR-8082, and their associated food products were detected and quantified. Results: The cyanide content of NR-8082 and UMUCASS-38 flours was determined at 18.01 ± 0.01 ppm and 17.02 ± 0.02 ppm (mean ± SD), respectively. These flours contained significantly higher (p < 0.05) than the residual cyanide levels determined in the cookies and cake produced therefrom with levels of 10.00 ± 0.00 ppm and 7.10 ± 0.14 ppm (mean ± SD), respectively. The levels of β-carotene determined in both the cake and cookie samples varied significantly (p < 0.05). The highest levels of β-carotene at 6.53 ± 0.02 μg/g (mean ± SD) were determined in raw roots of UMUCASS-38. While NR-8082 levels of β-carotene were less than UMUCASS-38 at 1.12 ± 0.02 μg/g (mean ± SD). Processing the roots into flour reduced the β-carotene content to 4.78 ± 0.01 μg/g and 0.76 ± 0.02 μg/g (mean ± SD) in UMUCASS-38 and NR-8082 flours, respectively. Cookies and cake produced from flour derived from the UMUCASS-38 variety had (mean ± SD) 2.15 ± 0.01 μg/g and 2.84 ± 0.04 μg/g of β-carotene, respectively.

Cite

CITATION STYLE

APA

Odoemelam, C. S., Percival, B., Ahmad, Z., Chang, M. W., Scholey, D., Burton, E., … Wilson, P. B. (2020). Characterization of yellow root cassava and food products: Investigation of cyanide and β-carotene concentrations. BMC Research Notes, 13(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13104-020-05175-2

Register to see more suggestions

Mendeley helps you to discover research relevant for your work.

Already have an account?

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free