Objective: To establish tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-I (TIMP- I) concentrations in peritoneal fluid (PF) and sera of women with endometriosis and compare them to disease-free controls. Design: Prospective randomized study. Setting: Academic medical center. Patient(s): Women with laparoscopically documented endometriosis and disease-free women of reproductive age, Intervention(s): Peritoneal fluid and sera were collected, and some women received gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRH-a) therapy for endometriosis. Main Outcome Measure(s): Peritoneal fluid and sera TIMP-1 concentrations were measured with a specific RIA. Result(s): The TIMP- I concentrations were significantly lower in PF and sera of women with endometriosis compared with disease-free women. The GnRH-a therapy restored serum TIMP-1 concentrations. Conclusion(s): Aberrant expression and localization of TIMP- I may derange the proteolytic milieu of the peritoneal cavity and contribute to the etiology and underlying physiologic sequelae associated with endometriosis. Measurement of TIMP-1 in serum may aid in diagnosing endometriosis and assist with monitoring treatment efficacy in women with this disease.
Sharpe-Timms, K. L., Keisler, L. W., McIntush, E. W., & Keisler, D. H. (1998). Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 concentrations are attenuated in peritoneal fluid and sera of women with endometriosis and restored in sera by gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist therapy. Fertility and Sterility, 69(6), 1128–1134. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0015-0282(98)00075-2