Objectives The current guidelines for ascending aortic replacement were determined from already dissected aorta diameters. Previous computed tomography-based work on humans who underwent imaging before and directly after aortic dissection onset has shown an average 30% increase in the ascending aortic diameter with acute dissection. The present investigation evaluated the incidence of predissection ascending aortic dilatation in acute type A dissection. Methods From 2002 to 2013, 495 patients presented with acute type A aortic dissection to 1 center. Of these cases, 343 were non-Marfan, nonbicuspid with spontaneous dissection etiology. In those with available preoperative computed tomography angiograms (n = 83) or transesophageal echocardiograms (n = 260), the predissection ascending aorta diameters were modeled from the dissected aorta diameters by subtraction of the average diameter increase rate. Results Altogether 343 patients were included (age, 62 years; range, 53-73; 64% men). The median modeled predissection ascending diameter was 3.7 cm (first quartile, 3.3; third quartile, -4.1). Of the 343 patients, 334 (97%) and 315 (92%) had an ascending diameter before dissection onset of <5.5 cm and <5.0 cm, respectively. More than 60% of women and 70% of men had a nondilated ascending aorta before type A dissection onset. The median predissection ascending aortic diameter did not differ between women and men (3.7 cm; first quartile, 3.4; third quartile, 4.2; vs 3.7 cm; first quartile, 3.3; third quartile, 4.1; P =.810). Conclusions More than 60% of patients with spontaneous, non-Marfan, nonbicuspid, type A dissection will have a nondilated ascending aorta before dissection onset. Only 3% would meet the criteria for elective ascending replacement to prevent aortic dissection. Additional research on the genetic and biochemical predictors of aortic dissection is essential. © 2014 by The American Association for Thoracic Surgery.
Rylski, B., Branchetti, E., Bavaria, J. E., Vallabhajosyula, P., Szeto, W. Y., Milewski, R. K., & Desai, N. D. (2014). Modeling of predissection aortic size in acute type A dissection: More than 90% fail to meet the guidelines for elective ascending replacement. In Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery (Vol. 148, pp. 944-948.e1). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtcvs.2014.05.050