Lung cancer (LC) remains the leading cause of mortality from malignant tumors worldwide. Currently, a lack of serological biomarkers for early LC diagnosis is a major roadblock for early intervention and prevention of LC. To undertake this challenge, we employed a two-phase strategy to discover and validate a biomarker panel using a protein array-based approach. In Phase I, we obtained serological autoimmune profiles of 80 LC patients and 20 healthy subjects on HuProt arrays, and identified 170 candidate proteins significantly associated with LC. In Phase II, we constructed a LC focused array with the 170 proteins, and profiled a large cohort, comprised of 352 LC patients, 93 healthy individuals, and 101 patients with lung benign lesions (LBL). The comparison of autoimmune profiles between the early stage LC and the combined group of healthy and LBL allowed us to identify and validate a biomarker panel of p53, HRas, and ETHE1 for diagnosis of early stage LC with 50% sensitivity at >90% specificity. Finally, the performance of this biomarker panel was confirmed in ELISA tests. In summary, this study represents one of the most comprehensive proteome-wide surveys with one of the largest (i.e. 1,101 unique samples) and most diverse (i.e. nine disease groups) cohorts, resulting in a biomarker panel with good performance.
Pan, J., Song, G., Chen, D., Li, Y., Liu, S., Hu, S., … Huang, Y. (2017). Identification of serological biomarkers for early diagnosis of lung cancer using a protein array-based approach. Molecular and Cellular Proteomics, 16(12), 2069–2078. https://doi.org/10.1074/mcp.RA117.000212