A 58-year-old male presented with native joint septic arthritis of the hip and osteomyelitis. After treatment with an articulating antibiotic spacer, he developed acute renal failure requiring dialysis. He continued to have elevated serum tobramycin levels exclusively from the antibiotic spacer elution as no intravenous tobramycin was used. Subsequent explantation was required to correct his renal failure. Although renal failure after antibiotic impregnated cement placement is rare, the risk of this potential complication should be considered preoperatively and in the postoperative management of these patients.
Runner, R. P., Mener, A., & Bradbury, T. L. (2018). Renal failure after placement of an articulating, antibiotic impregnated polymethylmethacrlyate hip spacer. Arthroplasty Today, 4(1), 51–57. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.artd.2017.02.005