Structural elucidation of O-linked glycopeptides by high energy collision-induced dissociation

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Abstract

O-linked glycopeptides that bear a GalNAc core with and without the presence ot sialic acid have been analyzed by high energy collision-induced dissociation (CID). We show that the CID spectra from the glycosylated precursor ions contain sufficient information to identify the peptide sequence and to determine the glycosylated site(s). Asialo O-linked glycopeptides, previously prepared from a tryptic digest of bovine fetuin were studied. One of the glycopeptides contained only a single Hex (hexose)-HexNAc (N-acetylhexosamine) substitution at Thr262, whereas the other exhibited Hex-HexNAc moieties at both Thr262 and Ser264. In addition, sialo and asialo fetuin glycopeptides from a pronase digest were derivatized with t-butoxycarbonyl-tyrosine, and characterized by high energy CID analysis. The presence of a Gal β(1,3)GalNAc core structure at Ser264 was confirmed by using the substrate specificity of endo-α-N-acetylgalactosaminidase. These studies revealed the presence ot a β-galactosidase specific for β(1,4) linkages in the endo-α-N-acetylgalactosaminidase preparation employed. Finally, the relative stability of N- and O-glycosyl bonds to high energy CID is addressed based upon comparison of the behavior of a synthetic N-linked glycopeptide with analogous O-linked structures.

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Medzihradszky, K. F., Gillece-Castro, B. L., Townsend, R. R., Burlingame, A. L., & Hardy, M. R. (1996). Structural elucidation of O-linked glycopeptides by high energy collision-induced dissociation. Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry, 7(4), 319–328. https://doi.org/10.1016/1044-0305(95)00682-6

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