The Effect of Posterior Tibial Slope on Joint Gap and Range of Knee Motion in Mobile-Bearing Unicompartmental Knee Arthroplasty

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Abstract

Background: It is widely known that the posterior tibial slope (PTS) has an influence on the clinical outcome of arthroplasty. However, the influence of PTS on unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) is still not fully clear. The objective of this study is to reveal the effect PTS has on knee flexion and extension joint gap and the postoperative range of motion in mobile-bearing UKA. Moreover, we investigated an adequate PTS angle in mobile-bearing UKA. Methods: Oxford UKA was performed so that the flexion gap would be equal to the extension gap. Correlation between the gap value difference from 90° to 120° of the knee flexion and the PTS was evaluated. Correlation between postoperative range of motion and the PTS was also evaluated to find whether a small degree of PTS would cause knee flexion restriction. Results: The PTS had a moderate positive correlation with the flexion gap difference. However, the PTS had no correlation with the knee flexion angle both postoperative and 1 year after surgery. Conclusion: It was suggested that the degree of the PTS should not be so large to avoid joint looseness throughout every knee angle. Increasing the degree of the PTS had the potential to dislocate the bearing. Since a small degree of the PTS does not have an influence on the clinical outcome, surgeons should aim to cut the tibia with a posterior slope of less than 7°.

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Suzuki, T., Ryu, K., Kojima, K., Oikawa, H., Saito, S., & Nagaoka, M. (2019). The Effect of Posterior Tibial Slope on Joint Gap and Range of Knee Motion in Mobile-Bearing Unicompartmental Knee Arthroplasty. Journal of Arthroplasty, 34(12), 2909–2913. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arth.2019.07.010

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